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What is the Child Helpline number?


What is Child Abuse?

According to the World Health Organisation, ‘Child abuse’ or ‘maltreatment’ constitutes ‘all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.

What are the different types of Child Abuse?

Physical abuse

Slapping, Kicking, Beating with stave/stick, Pushing, Shaking and the likes.

Sexual abuse

Sexual Assault, Making the child fondle private parts, Making the child exhibit private body parts, Exhibiting private body parts to the child, Photographing a child in the nude, Sexual advances, forcible kissing and forcing child to view pornographic material

Emotional abuse

Humiliation and harsh treatment by ignoring, shouting or speaking rudely affecting the self esteem of the child, Name calling and use of abusive language and Comparison between siblings and other children

Child neglect (girl child neglect)

Lack of attention to the girl child, less share of food in the family, sibling care by girl child and gender discrimination

How do I know if a Child is being abused?

Physical abuse

Unusual bruises, marks on the body of child that may suggest the use of an instrument ,Burns on the body of the child such as a cigarette burn etc ,Behavior extremes such as withdrawal , aggression , depression etc,Inappropriate or excessive fear of caretaker,Running away from home, antisocial behaviour ,Inconsistent explanation of the injury and Unusual shyness, weariness of physical contact

Sexual abuse

Torn stained, bloody underclothes ,Frequent unexplained urinary and other infections of the private parts , sexually transmitted diseases,Victims disclosure of sexual abuse ,Disturbed sleep patterns ,Seductive behaviour, detailed knowledge of sex as compared to other children of the similar age ,Sudden decline in school performance and Difficulty in walking or sitting

Emotional abuse

Eating disorders, Speech disorders, Weight or height substantially below normal ,Cruel behaviour, seeming to get pleasure in hurting other children, animals and Behavioural extremes- overly compliant – demanding

What can I do to help a Child in distress?

  • Call 1091, it's a toll free number and you may request for your confidentiality to be maintained.
  • Refer a child to a professional such as the social worker, police, and psychologists or contact a NGO dealing with such issues.
  • Avoid asking the child leading questions.
  • Listen as much as to the child and respond sensitively.
  • Do not make false promises or lie to the child.
  • Do not blame and tell him/her that he/she is not to blame, accuse the child or show disbelief to what the child is saying.
  • Do not talk negatively about the abuser in front of the child.

From where do I get detailed information about Child Abuse?